Diamonds are one of the most beautiful minerals that exist. They are bright, resilient, and mesmerizing. Have you ever wondered where they come from, or how they’re made? Below we’ll explore the evolution of these precious gemstones and lab grown diamonds.
A diamond forges via the element carbon. When carbon reaches a state of solid form, the molecule’s atoms arrange in a crystal structure called a diamond cubic. These crystals bond together when exposed to high temperature and pressure.
The processing of a diamond obtains its form through the proper temperature and pressure during its liquid state. When the carbon element reaches a temperature that is over 2,200 degrees Fahrenheit and maintains a pressure point of roughly 727,000 pounds per square inch, the crystallization structure occurs, producing a diamond.
Most natural diamonds form at depths ranging between 90 to 150 miles inside the Earth’s core. You may be asking yourself– How were they able to retrieve the samples from such a vast depth?
Billions of years ago, our planet was in a much hotter state than it has been currently. Because of these high temperatures, volcanoes released large amounts of carbon. This resulted in millions of diamonds from inside the Earth’s core to surface. Once the leftover volcanic remains eventually cooled, the payoff was shiny!
There’s only one difference between a lab diamond and a mined diamond: its origin. Lab-created diamonds use advanced technology and share the same physical, chemical, and optical characteristics of diamonds found naturally. They’re also referred to as “synthetic diamonds”, but the materials inside of these diamonds are not fake. They’re still very much the real deal.
Because it’s difficult and rather time-consuming to source natural diamonds, new ideas emerged as the demand increased. With knowledge of how mined diamonds form, General Electric (GE) created technology that mimicked the same process of natural diamond formation.
The first set of lab grown diamonds, manufactured in 1954, was initially kept secret. After some time, the processing of lab diamond technology became more open source and shared around the 1970’s. Since then, this method of obtaining diamonds has had positive benefits environmentally and economically.
There are two different methods to manufacturing lab diamonds:
Whether HPHT or CVD, lab grown diamonds take around 6 to 10 weeks to develop.
Stones mined naturally may contain dirt or impurities ingrained in them, while lab grown diamonds carefully grow under quality-controlled conditions. This allows for an aesthetically pleasing appearance.
Lab grown diamonds are 20-30% less expensive than mined diamonds. Mined diamonds require a more extensive supply chain process, which adds to the overall cost.
Lab-diamonds are fully vegan and cause little to no environmental damage. The reduction in greenhouse gas emissions is three times less when diamond production happens in a lab. Additionally, the manufacturing of this diamond style isn’t dependent on fossil fuels.
Our staff will help you find your next lab-grown diamond upgrade. Additionally, we offer a variety of beautiful, customized diamonds made especially for you. Reach out to us to add lab grown diamonds to your jewelry collection today!